Castle Ruin at Königstein
There are many legends about the origins of the castle, for example the Chlodwig legend However the first documented lords of Königstein are the counts of Nürings, who were followed by the counts of Münzenberg. It was probably durinq this period i.e. in the 12th. Century, that the castle itself was built as one of the imperial (Staufen dynasty) castles. Around 1215 Königstein is mentioned in records for the first time. The Königstein castle then appears as an imperial fief held by the imperial officers of Münzenberg.
From 1255—1418 Königstein was in the possession of the lords of Falkenstein. After this, from 1418—1535 the castle passed to the Eppstein family Under the counts of Stolberg, from 1535—1581 the castle was strengthened to become a fortress. After his, Königstein came under the rule of the Electorate of Mainz until 1803, except for a few years (1631—1635) in the Thirty Years War when it was held by the Stolbergs. The Electors of Mainz had the fortifications considerably extended and installed a garrison. During the French Revolutionary Wars the Königstein fortress was blown up by French troops in 1796. In the preceding years many supporters of the philosophy of the French Revolution were imprisoned in the fortress, among them Caroline Schlegel.
In 1803 by the resolutions of the commission of the German imperial parliament the castle ruin at Königstein passed into the possession of the Duchy of Nassau. When the Duchy was absorbed into the Kingdom of Prussia in 1866, the castle ruin remained in the private estate of the ducal family. In 1922 Grand Duchess Hilda von Baden, former Princess of Nassau, gave the castle ruin to the municipality of Königstein.
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